Tuesday, October 30, 2007

The most Poisonous Mushrooms

When your in the woods and think eating mushrooms is safe think again.
Cortinarius speciosissimus
This mushroom is equal poisonous as amanita virosa. In the last few years C. specciosissimus has been responsible for many death in Central Europe. Incubation period upto 14 days.
Destroying Angel
This totally white mushroom is one of the most deadly fungus known and despite years of detailed research into the toxins it contains, no antidote excists against their effects on the human body. This mushroom is responsible for 95% of all death after fungus poisoning. Poisoning is characterized by a delay of between 6 to 24 hours.

Entoloma sinuatum
I don't have an English name even for this mushroom. He is fortunately very rare. He looks edible but be aware of the red spore print. Poisoning symptomes are sickness, vomiting and diarrhoea. The latency period is 1-3 hours - more seldon 4-5 hours.

Monday, October 29, 2007

Simple torch

For emergency night travel, you can make a simple torch. Use the pitch from pine trees wrapped around the top of a stick with strips of cloth, or just smeared on it. Wounded pines often have large gooey masses of pitch on their trunks. Hot pitch will drip, so hold the torch away from you. This sap is also a good fire starter.Take along water proof matches a few in your pocket can be life savers.

Thursday, October 25, 2007

Emergency fire starting in the wilds

Pocket lint makes a good tinder for fire-starting. By the way, this is why so many fires start in peoples clothes dryers. A spark will usually take hold in lint and can be blown into a flame be sure to have kindling and firewood ready.Try and keep water proof matches in a old film container its small and will fit into your pocket for emergency fires.Keep larger stones around your fire they will hold the heat longer.

Tuesday, October 23, 2007

Stay dry in the wilds

Lost in the woods with no food? The inner bark the soft white part of pine trees is edible. Palatability is another matter, and varies from species to species. I have found white pine to be tolerable. Strip some bark off the tree, scrape the inner bark from the rougher outer layer, and boil it for best digestion.
In cold weather, coat your feet with antiperspirant for several days before a backpacking trip. This will stop them from sweating too much. This means drier, and warmer feet.Spray your boots with water proofing spray to help keep the water out.Silican spray on tents and other gear works great to keep rain out.

Thursday, October 18, 2007

First aid tip in the wilderness

A wilderness first aid kit is useless unless it includes most of the medical treatments you would possibly need. This includes both sterilization tools and various medications.
Sterilization solutions and tapes are very important parts of any wilderness first aid kit. If anyone were to get cut or step on something sharp, these tools would be necessary to prevent any sort of infection .Some basic things you should have in the first aid kit are: 4-inch rolled gauze, 2-inch rolled gauze, 4-inch elastic wrap, 2-inch elastic wrap, 4×4 sterile gauze pads, 2×2 sterile gauze pads, cotton swabs, adhesive tape, elastic and butterfly bandages, soap, acetic acid 5% hydrogen peroxide, isopropyl alcohol, sterile eyewash,and a tourniquet.If you do get cut try and keep it clean and keep dirt out of the wound.For lower body sprains keep the are elevated and iced if you have it.

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Tuesday, October 16, 2007

Fungus for starting fires

A good fungus for starting fires grows on birch trees. Look for black, lumpy growths on the trees and break off a piece. The inside is orange to brown. What makes this particularly useful is that it can be ignited from a spark, to create a coal that can be blown into a fire. You can also use this fungus to carry a coal with you, for quick fire making at the next stop.

Saturday, October 13, 2007

Western red cedar hiking tip

If you have an old backpack frame, you can make a simple, cheap ultralight backpack. Remove the old pack, and tie a plain nylon duffel bag to the frame firmly,with the zipper facing out. You could also attach it using small bungee cords. I used an old aluminum frame that still had straps and a waist belt. The result was an external-frame backpack that held a lot and weighed just two pounds.
Need emergency clothing or blankets? The bark of the western red cedar can be peeled easily from the tree . The softer inner bark is then separated out and used for weaving rough clothing, blankets,ropes and baskets.Remember to stay dry and drink plenty of water when hiking.

Tuesday, October 9, 2007

Backpacking High Altitude

Keep fires small and you'll spend less time collecting firewood. Just get closer for warmth. If you are also using the fire for possible signaling in an emergency, you can still keep it small, but keep a pile of brushy branches nearby to add if a plane goes by.
Digestion is more difficult at high altitude. This seems to be especially true for fats and proteins. If you are headed above 12,000 feet, you may want to save your crackers and other simple carbohydrates for snacking on top of that mountain.
In hot weather, soak your hat in every stream or water source you pass. A wet hat is like having a little air conditioner on your head. A wet bandanna around your neck helps too.

Sunday, October 7, 2007

Steve Fossett

"There's no news of him signaling for help and that's a problem," said David McMullen of Berkeley, Calif., a leader of the hiking group Desert Survivors, whose members frequently venture into some of the country's harshest terrain. "He's either so injured he can't signal or he's perished "At this point, you'd be lucky to find him alive," said Lee Bergthold, director of the Palmdale, California-based Center for Wilderness Studies and a former Marine Corps survival instructor. "No food, that's not a problem. No water, that's a problem. That's a harsh desert out there."

Thursday, October 4, 2007

Backpacking tip

A cheap and easy and light seat cushion can be made from a sleeping bag pad. Just take an old basic blue foam pad and cut a square about 12 inches square out of it. This will weigh about one ounce (3/8" pad) and make a nice waterproof seat when you want to sit on a wet rock, log or on the ground. Put against your back inside your pack and it will also pad you from any sharp or clunky items.
Need something to tie things together? The small roots of spruce trees (genus picea) can often be dug by hand near the surface of the ground. They have been historically used for binding all sorts of things, as well as for sewing together birch bark canoes.
Cold wind may chill the front of your body, even while your back is hot and sweaty. If this happens, try putting your jacket on backwards, and leaving it opened. This keeps your back cooler while protecting you in front.

Hiking in the desert

“The body requires a certain amount of water for a certain level of activity at a certain temperature. For example, a person performing hard work in the sun at 43 degrees C requires 19 liters of water daily. Lack of the required amount of water causes a rapid decline in an individual’s ability to make decisions and to perform tasks efficiently.”
In other words, if you have a limited water supply, you should limit your activities during the hottest time of the day. Get started hiking early, perhaps just before sunrise. That way you can get in some miles before the heat comes. Hiking in the evening may work as well. If there is a full moon, you might even try hiking from four in the morning until the heat starts.

Tuesday, October 2, 2007

Hinking Boots

Keep your hiking boots dry put them under your sleeping bag by your legs, or even in your sleeping bag if you have a plastic bag to put them in. I sometime keep my shoes warm by using them as a pillow it is more comfortable than you might think. Point one shoe each way, so they cradle your head, and lay a shirt or other piece of clothing over them.You can slip small heat bags in each boot to keep them warm.Check the laces to make sure they are not broken or torn.