Tuesday, August 28, 2007

Survival Tip Making Shelter

Ideal sites for a shelter differ in winter and summer. During
cold winter months you will want a site that will protect you from the
cold and wind, but will have a source of fuel and water. During summer
months in the same area you will want a source of water, but you will
want the site to be almost insect free. How to make a Lean To

Making a Compass

To make a compass out of a paper clip and a leaf, start by rubbing the paper clip on a dry article of clothing (wool is best) to magnetize it. Then place the leaf in a still pool of water (a tree stump works nicely).
When you place the paper clip on the leaf, it will slowly turn to face magnetic north.
1 clear plastic cup1 magnetneedle or small nailpincork or piece of foam about 1/4-inch thick an the size of a quarterpencil or penpenwaternotebook (optional) webcam or camcorder
1. Rub one end of the magnet along the needle
2. Make sure you rub in the same direction, about 30 times
3. Test the needle's magnetization by picking up the pin
4. Push the needle through the cork or foam piece
5. Fill the cup with water
6. Place the cork and needle so it is in the center of the cup
7. Wait for the needle to come to a rest
8. The thick end of the needle will point to North

Monday, August 27, 2007

Scombroid poisoning eating fish in the wilderness

Scombroid poisoning typically occurs when people eat certain fish that have been inadequately preserved. These include the spiny-finned fish of the family known as Scombridae. Bacteria that grow during improper storage in the dark meat of the fish produce scombroid toxin. Scombroid is a histaminelike chemical. The toxin does not affect everyone who ingests it.
No test is 100% reliable for assessing fish for this toxin. Cooking kills the bacteria, but toxins remain in the tissues and can be eaten.
Susceptible fish include albacore, amberjack, anchovy, Australian salmon, bluefish, bonito, kahawai, herring, mackerel, mahi-mahi, needlefish, saury, sardine, skipjack, wahoo, and yellowfin tuna. Affected fish may have a metallic or peppery taste.

Wednesday, August 22, 2007

Eat Dandelions and bugs survival tip

Crickets and grasshoppers are loaded
with carbohydrates. What does this nutrient give your body?” (Energy) “Termites,
beetles, and earthworms are very high in protein.
If you're really interested in trying out some insect food, remember that it's not safe to sample bugs from your backyard. Your best bet is to find a restaurant or store that sells correctly-prepared edible insects.
Dandelions rank in the top 4 green vegetables in overall nutritional value. Minnich, in "Gardening for Better Nutrition" ranks them, out of all vegetables, including grains, seeds and greens, as tied for 9th best. According to these data, dandelions are nature's richest green vegetable source of beta-carotene, from which Vitamin A is created, and the third richest source of Vitamin A of all foods, after cod-liver oil and beef liver! They also are particularly rich in fiber, potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and the B vitamins, thiamine and riboflavin, and are a good source of protein.

Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Tent Stakes tip when Camping

If you are a tent camper and camp allot.What I like to do is make wood stakes and use them instead of plastic or metal ones.All you have to do is remove the ropes from the stakes and pound them down into the ground and your good to go.No need to struggle with pulling out or breaking the plastic tent stakes.

Thursday, August 16, 2007

Finding water in the wilderness

If you can find the source of water in the mountains or hills, where it actually bubbles out of the ground, you are usually safe in drinking it. If you are downstream from other animals and humans, it is best to boil water for 10-20 minutes or distill it. As a last case option, 2% iodine solution can be used. Add five drops to a quart of clear water or 10 drops to dirty water.
The fact that natives may assert a water source is pure could indicate they have built up a degree of immunity. To their systems, the water is not tainted (polluted). Even the loneliest wild stream can be infected with Tularemia (commonly called rabbit fever) by wild animals such as muskrats and beavers. Tularemia can also be carried by meadow mice, ground hogs (woodchucks), ground squirrels, tree squirrels, beavers, coyotes, opossums, sheep, and various game birds
Polluted water can be sterilized by adding hot stones to the water in the filter. The water will soon boil becoming sterile and safe drink.
In areas where there is the likelihood of water being unsanitary (near cities or villages), it is always safer to boil before drinking or add a pinch of chloride of lime.
Water which is very muddy, dirty or stagnant can be clarified through a good filter made from a pair of drill trousers with one leg turned inside out and put inside the other leg.
The cuff is tied and the upper part held open by 3 stakes driven well into the ground. Fill with the dirty water and then drop in the hot stones.
The water will filter through and MUST be caught by a container and poured pack until the dirt has been filtered. Boil the water at least 10 minutes. Remember, just moistening your lips with polluted water can make you sick for days; it can even kill you.
Rainwater collected in clean containers or in plants is usually safe for drinking. However, purify water from lakes, ponds, swamps, springs, or streams, especially the water near human settlements or in the tropics.
Construct a water still.

Wednesday, August 15, 2007

Does moss grow north on trees

Moss grows away from the sun in the heat of the day. The heat of the day is generally about late afternoon between 3:00 PM (15:00 HRS) to 4:00 PM (16:00 HRS).So if this is true and you are lost at least you know which way north might be.

Tuesday, August 14, 2007

How can you avoid scorpion stings?

Scorpions are nocturnal animals and, therefore, typically only emerge at night. They often hide in dark cracks and vegetation. Ideally, accommodation should have a ledge that is at least 20cm high to prevent entry of scorpions.
To minimize the occurrence of scorpion stings, one should: remove loose boards, woodpiles, rocks, and debris from areas immediately surrounding homes; wear leather gloves and exercise caution when moving objects in yards or at campsites. When camping, invert and shake out sleeping bags, clothes, and other items that have been in contact with the ground, and shake out shoes before putting them on in the morning. Always wear shoes when walking at night. All members of the family should be able to recognize scorpions, and everyone should be aware of the danger they pose; special care should be taken to caution children, and older persons who have recently moved to Arizona from more northern latitudes. An infant's crib can be protected by placing the legs of the crib in clean widemouth jars. Scorpions cannot climb clean glass.
In areas with scorpions, it is also necessary to watch out for dark hiding places indoors: in cupboards, under the duvet and bed, or in shoes (look under the duvet/bed and shake your shoes thoroughly before putting them on).

Friday, August 10, 2007

Using a pot for melting snow or ice

Do not fill the pot with snow since any water produced will be quickly soaked up by the remaining snow and the pan will burn through before the snow melts.
Heat your cooking pot only gently as you melt very small quantities in the bottom. Be patient. Gradually add more snow, not more than that the snow floats freely in the water.
The same principle also apply when melting ice, always start with a little starter water.
Alternative methods to melt ice and snow
A slower but not so labor demanding method is to improvise a sack from an item of clothing. For example use a t-shirt with sleeves tied. Fill the sack with snow or ice and suspend it to melt over a container placed beside a fire.
A second method is to melt ice slowly on a tilted rock over a fire. Hold the melting ice in place with small stones. As the water runs down the rock, collect it in a container

Lyme Disease At A Glance

Lyme disease is a tick-borne illness that causes signs and symptoms ranging from rash and flu-like fever and body aches to more serious ones including joint swelling, weakness, fatigue and temporary paralysis. Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. Deer ticks, which feed on the blood of animals and humans, can harbor and spread the disease when feeding on a host.
Lyme Disease At A Glance
Lyme disease is a bacterial illness that is spread by tick bites.
Lyme disease can affect the skin, joints, heart, and the nervous system.
Lyme disease occurs in phases, the early phase beginning at the site of the tick bite with an expanding ring of redness.
Lyme disease is diagnosed based on the patient's clinical signs of illness and the detection of Lyme antibodies in the blood.
Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics. Protective Clothing Treatment uses Permethrin the only substance known to effectively repel ticks as well as the biting insects including chiggers. This product was developed for use and approved by the United States military. Each 6oz kit contains enough solution to treat one set of clothing and a full bed-netting and lasts through six washings. This odorless, non-staing application is great for hunters, campers, hikers and other outdoors enthusiasts! Kit contains: ziplock treatment bag, 6oz. bottle of Premethrin solution, waterproof gloves. Safe for children.

Packaged food for camping

Packaged food portions are healthy and equivalent of an average persons requirement. However, camping food should be chosen according to individual capacity so as to remain well nourished throughout your hiking trip.
Most pre-packaged food portions are healthy and equivalent of an average persons requirement. However, camping food should be chosen according to individual capacity so as to remain well nourished throughout your hiking trip.
As it is difficult to have a gas-flame to heat on camping trips, some pre-packaged camping food can be heated with a heating pouch by adding water to a chemical heating source. However, this may tend to get quite heavy and difficult to dispose. In such a scenario, it is better to carry a small stove while backpacking.
Camping food also offers tradeoffs which may not always be connoisseur, but it is infinitely better than what you would traditionally get on a hiking trip. Its light, convenient, and provides a quick hot meal. Try different varieties and flavours of foods that suit you and select what you would like to carry with you. Breakfast food can be a combination of various cereals, both hot and cold as well as oatmeal.
You could combine two or three packages or even different flavours and store them in ziplock bags for convenient handling and trash disposal. You can also add sugar, salt, raisins, dried apples, nuts, dry fruits and dry milk to make it quick and easy to use at a later time.
Instant soup or noodles make a nice, hot and quick meal while packets of tea and coffee will supplement it on an exceptionally tiring and cold day.

Black Bear

This is a Black Bear on the same rock climb in the Smokey Mountains.The picture is blury because it scared the hell out of my son as he was on a small ledge over 2,000 feet up.
Black bears are generally shy and reclusive animals. They avoid human contact and are not normally agressive towards people. The only exceptions to this are so called "park bears" which are fed and lose their natural fear of humans. Although they are classified as carnivores, black bears are actually omnivorous, eating many types of plant and animal material. Grasses, green leaves, and other plants are eaten by black bears in the spring after they emerge from their winter dens. Summertime provides them with various berries, fruits, and insects. In fall and early winter, acorns and other nuts are especially sought after in order to build up fat reserves for the winter. In our area, black bears don't hibernate but they may be dormant during the coldest part of the winter. Unlike true hibernators, a dormant black bear can become fully alert in minutes if it is disturbed.

Copperhead Snake

Picture of a copperhead snake taking while rock climbing last week in Smokey Mountains Tennessee.The copperhead was curled up in a crevice along a steep ridge we were rock climbing.
The copperhead is a venomous snake with a broad triangular head, vertically elliptical pupils and a heat sensitive pit between each eye and nostril. The body is pinkish to grayish brown with brown or reddish-brown crossbands that are narrow on the back and widest on the sides. Small dark spots commonly occur between crossbands on the back. The unpatterned head is dull orange, copper or rusty-red. Body scales are keeled and the belly is pink or light brown with dark blotches along the sides. When young, a copperhead has a yellow-tipped tail.
Copperheads prefer rocky, forested hillsides and wetlands for habitat. Wet areas are particularly sought out in the hot summer months. Small mammals and frogs account for most of the prey items taken, but birds, insects and other snakes are also important parts of their diets. When approached, they will either move away quietly or lay motionless, relying on camouflage to protect them.

Thursday, August 9, 2007

Wild—whether camping

New Mitigator Sting & Bite Scrub from American Natural Technology Sciences joins Grabber’s growing outdoor skin care category for the sporting goods industry. Manufactured to relieve trauma, pain and itching, Mitigator treats everything from mosquito bites to jellyfish stings by neutralizing toxins.
Skin care in the wild—whether camping, hiking or biking—has always been a primary concern for outdoor enthusiasts. In addition to Mitigator, Grabber has recently expanded their offerings beyond air-activated warmers to include other outdoor skin care products like poison ivy preventatives, insect repellent, and first aid gel.

Stop Bite Products

Man Biten by a Bear

It then clamped her jaws around his right shoulder and started shaking him like a rag. He said he felt teeth pressing against his skin, then a pop as they sliced through.
At some point, the bear let go, then stood over Murphy, panting and drooling onto his head. All he could think about was a bear attack over the summer near the Russian River where a man was bitten on the face and blinded.

“I just lay perfectly still and said, ’God, don’t bite my head,”’ Murphy said.
Finally, the bear moved away. Murphy said he got up, planning to shoot the bear, but it had broken his rifle.
Murphy said he wrapped duct tape around his shoulder and cut up a cloth bag to wrap around his thigh. He hiked out to his four-wheeler, rode about 15 miles back to his pickup truck and drove a half hour to Valley Hospital in Palmer.
The 54-year-old said he has no idea how long the attack lasted, but it felt like “two lifetimes.”

Wednesday, August 8, 2007

Pit Viper Snake Bite

Pit Viper
The pit viper has “pits,” on their heads. These organs help the snake locate prey and adjust the amount of venom used according to the size of their prey. The glands, or venom sacks are connected to the fangs, which act like hollow hypodermic needles. These fangs are voluntarily controlled by the snake. They can raise either one or both fangs, or neither. When fangs break off, there is usually another fang below, or there may be one next to it. Therefore, snakebites can present as one puncture wound, two, three or even four (see photo of timber rattlesnake for example of multiple fangs).
The pit viper can strike about 50% of its body length, and has been recorded to strike at about 7 feet per second. The forked tongue is equivalent to our nose. The snake senses chemicals in the air with their tongue, aiding in the location of prey. Their pupils are elliptical, and all pit vipers in the United States have elliptical pupils, as opposed to non-venomous snakes which have round pupils.
The age of a rattlesnake cannot be determined by the number of rattles. Rattles frequently break off, and therefore is an unreliable method to determine age.
DIAMONDBACK RATTLESNAKE This snake is best noted for its distinct alternating black and white rings on its tail, just above the rattle. A light stripe behind the eye reaches the lip in the front corner of the mouth. The diamond shaped pattern is not clear cut and distinct. The snake may appear speckled. The diamondback is responsible for most of the poisonous snake bites. It is a large aggressive pit viper that can exceed 6 feet in length.


The word, "wilderness", derives from the notion of "wildness"; in other words that which is not controllable by humans. The word's etymology is from the Old English wildeornes, which in turn derives from wildeor meaning wild beast (wild + deor = beast, deer) (The Collins English Dictionary, 2000). From this point of view, it is the wildness of a place that makes it a wilderness. The mere presence or activity of people does not disqualify an area from being "wilderness." Many ecosystems that are, or have been, inhabited or influenced by activities of people may still be considered "wild." This way of looking at wilderness includes areas within which natural processes operate without human interference.